Jyotirao Govindrao Phule (11 April 1827 â 28 November 1890) was an Indian social activist, thinker, anti-caste social reformer and writer from Maharashtra.His work extended to many fields, including eradication of untouchability and the caste system, and women's emancipation.He is mostly known for his efforts in educating women and lower â¦ New genres of the Restoration were heroic drama, pathetic drama, and Restoration comedy. It was customary for each craft to represent a play according to its particular trade. Both Pinter and Stoppard continued to have new plays produced into the 1990s. There were three further plays after the war. The third stage is the rise of Morality Plays. English Drama during the Modernist Period (1845-1945) A.D. falls into three categories: 1. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. The origin of the drama is deep-rooted in the religious predispositions of mankind. The play of Noah shows us the amalgamation of English humour and didactic purpose. In the 1930s W. H. Auden and Christopher Isherwood co-authored verse dramas, of which The Ascent of F6 (1936) is the most notable, that owed much to Bertolt Brecht. Each big town possessed its own cycle of plays i.e., York, Chester, Coventry. George Chapman (?1559-?1634) was a successful playwright who produced comedies (his collaboration on Eastward Hoe led to his brief imprisonment in 1605 as it offended the King with its anti-Scottish sentiment), tragedies (most notably Bussy D'Ambois) and court masques (The Memorable Masque of the Middle Temple and Lincoln's Inn), but who is now remembered chiefly for his translation in 1616 of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. Webster's major plays, The White Devil (c. 1609 – 1612) and The Duchess of Malfi (c. 1612/13), are macabre, disturbing works. Please, visit my YouTube channel for videos about literature. The Church made skillful use of these, moulding them to her purpose and, in the parlance of a familiar tag, combining instruction with amusement. Marlowe was fascinated and terrified by the new frontiers opened by modern science. Indian English Drama dates back to the 18thcentury when the British Rule became stable in India. Web. The morality, as we have said, is a drama in which the characters are allegorical, symbolical, or abstract. Thank you so much. And yet, I have also been inspired to do an in depth study some time later. It originated in England and is the dominant language of the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia, Ireland, â¦ Importantly brief and yet truthful. Drawing on German lore, he introduced the story of Faust to England in his play Doctor Faustus (c. 1592), a scientist and magician who is obsessed by the thirst of knowledge and the desire to push man's technological power to its limits. The Moralities with their allegorical characters led to greater attention being paid to the plot, whilst gradually the abstract personification began to emerge into real people with individual idiosyncrasies. at the Lyric Hammersmith in April 1958, before transferring to the Garrick Theatre. Moralities began to be acted in the reign of Henry VI and like the miracle plays continued to flourish until the beginning of Elizabeth’s reign. I am glad it helped you! Most of playwright Caryl Churchill's early experiences with professional drama production were as a radio playwright and, starting in 1962 with The Ants, there were nine productions with BBC radio drama up until 1973 when her stage work began to be recognised at the Royal Court Theatre.  Several of Gilbert and Sullivan's comic operas broke the 500-performance barrier, beginning with H.M.S. The English playwrights were intrigued by Italian model: a conspicuous community of Italian actors had settled in London. 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